The History Of Lawn Bowls
Lawn bowling is a recreational-game which can be easily played by almost anyone. The ease-of learning lawn bowling has led to its’ popularity across the world. Lawn bowling is basically played using a special ball that’s contoured and weighted so it’ll not roll-in a straight line. Bowls come in different sizes & weights in several colors & distinctive graphics. Matching color attire-for both men and ladies is required whenever competing in a tournament or a league play.
Bowls historians say that this game originally developed from Egyptians. 1 of their many pastimes was playing skittles using round stones. This was determined based on the artifacts that were found in the tombs which date back to circa 5,000 BC. The bowling sport spread allover the world and it took various forms which include: Bocce (in Italian), Bolla (in Saxon), Bolle (in Danish), Boules (in French) & Ula-Miaka (in Polynesian).
One of the oldest lawn-bowls site that is still played-on is in England-Southampton. Records reveal that the-green has been operating since the year 1299 AD. There are many other claims-of green being used before that said time. During the reign-of Richard II the bowls were called “gettre de-pere” or “jetter de-pierre,” which describes throwing of a stone. In early 15th century, the bowls were made from hardwoods. Bowling was quite well established-in England by 1299AD that a group-of players formed the Southhamptom Old-Bowling Green Club, which is the oldest established-bowling club that’s still active. This game became so very popular in England & in France that it was prohibited-by law since archery (which was essential to national defense) was getting neglected. French king, Charles-IV, prohibited this game for all common people in the year 1319, & King Edward-III issued similar edict in England-1361.
It’s believed “bias” was introduced-inadvertently in the year 1522 by Duke of Suffolk. It’s said his bowl split into 2 after striking some other bowls & he took a knob-off of the stairway banister post-for a replacement. The flatside of this knob made it roll with “a-bias” & he experimented this by curving his-bowl around others. This spread and bias-bowls eventually came into use.
One of the most famous stories in lawn-bowls is about Sir Francis-Drake & the Spanish Armada. In July 19, the year 1588, Drake was in a game-at Plymouth where he got notified that Spanish Armada has been sighted. The story says that his response was, “There’s plenty-of time to win this game & thrash those Spaniards too.” He proceeded to finish the match & the British Navy soundly-defeated the Armada.
English & Scottish-colonists brought this game to USA. There was a bowling-green in Williamsburg-Virginia in the year 1632 and many other states have towns that are named “Bowling Green” because of the early settlers abiding-interest in this sport. George Washington himself laid out a green-at Mt. Vernon in the year 1732.
Here’s a great video of lawn bowls in action:
The Rules Of Lawn Bowls
Lawn Bowls is a simple game with a few key rules that may slightly vary according to the individual clubs but the basics remain unchanged. The game can be played as a singles play as well as a team play.
Here are the basic rules of Lawn Bowling.
Key Rules Of Lawn Bowls
* Lawn Bowl is played on a square bowling green which is bifurcated into six lanes named as Rinks. The dimensions of an individual rink is 20 feet wide x 120 feet in maximum clubs. A small white ball named as The Jack is placed usually at a distance of 23-24 metres from the edge of a rink.
* The aim of the player is to get the bowls of his team as close as possible compared to the player of the opponent team . Also, the bowls of the other team need to be knocked away from the jack.
* The scoring is termed as the Count and it is calculated by rewarding one point to a team for every bowl that they get closer to the jack than the opponent team.
* A mat is placed at one edge of the rink and while releasing the bowl, the player is required to have one foot close to that mat.
* One game is played with mainly 14 total ends but it can be more than that depending on the club’s preference. Mostly clubs have 14, 15, 18 or 21 ends.
* The bowls are present on sets of four bowls each and in a single end of the game a maximum four bowls can be rolled.
* Every set of the bowls has a picture on it to demarcate it from the other sets which helps in the identification of its team and assists the scoring or count system.
* The game can be played in singles and team play. In case of a team play, Lawn Bowls is played by 2 player teams and 3 player teams as well. But, the teams are mostly composed of 4 players.
* In team play, the players are categorised into various designations mainly the Leads, the Vice Skipper and Skipper.
Designations of the Players
* The Lead – He is the player who leads the game
* The Vice Skipper – He is the second player to play the game
* The Skipper – The player who designs the gameplay pattern for his team and thus, he is the player with maximum expertise level. When it comes to bowling, he is the last one to make his move.